Periodontal disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss in the developed world, and nearly 50% of adults aged 30 and older are living with this disease, whether it be a mild or severe case. About 70% of adults aged 65 and older have some form of periodontal disease.
There are different types of periodontal disease, with some being more severe than others (learn about the most common periodontal disease symptoms). In this blog, we discuss each type along with their respective treatments, and we also discuss preventative measures you can take to better protect yourself from this disease.
The main types of periodontal disease are: gingivitis, necrotizing periodontal disease, chronic periodontal disease, and aggressive periodontal disease. Some are more severe than others, and the more severe types are harder to treat.
Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal disease, and it’s also one of the most common. It’s caused by the toxins in plaque, and if left unchecked it can develop into a more serious form of periodontal disease.
Individuals who are experiencing hormonal changes due to pregnancy or birth control, as well as those who take steroids or smoke regularly, are at a greater risk of getting gingivitis. Individuals with diabetes are also at a greater risk, as are those who take medication for high blood pressure or seizures.
Of all the forms of periodontal disease, gingivitis is the easiest to reverse. If you take care of your teeth every day and see a dentist a few times a year, you can eliminate the bacteria and make your mouth healthy again.
Your dentist may also recommend a root planing along with a deep scaling procedure to ensure the debris that’s buried deep gets removed. Afterward, they’ll prescribe some antibiotics and medicated mouthwash to get rid of remaining bacteria and keep the pockets clean.
More prevalent in individuals who suffer from HIV, immunosuppression, chronic stress, or malnutrition, this form of periodontal disease progresses rapidly, affecting gingival tissue, the periodontal ligament, and the alveolar bone.
A rare version that’s hard to treat, your dentist will probably do some root planing and scaling before prescribing antibiotics, medicated mouth wash, and fungicidal medicine.
This form of periodontal disease is most common in individuals aged 45 and up. If allowed to progress, it can result in the destruction of both gingival and bone tissue. It’s hard to treat, as the destroyed tissue doesn’t come back on its own.
A periodontist can, however, perform pocket reduction surgery and tissue grafts to strengthen the teeth and gums and make the oral cavity more aesthetically pleasing overall.
This form of the disease moves a lot faster than the chronic form discussed above, and individuals who smoke or have a history of this in their families are more likely to get this. This form of the disease is often treated with surgical intervention, and it’s hard to stem because of its aggressiveness.
Every form of periodontal disease can lead to a range of adverse health effects if left unchecked, which is why it’s so important to see a periodontist if you believe you are suffering from this disease. Book online now or call us at (512) 580.8278 to set up an appointment. Our compassionate dental care experts will evaluate you and determine the best course of treatment, and they’ll make sure you leave with peace of mind.